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GIS
Tags: geographical information systemsGISinfrastructure asset managementinfrastructure asset mapping
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A geographic information system (GIS) is a set of tools designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data. GIS is utilized in the civil engineering field to incorporate geographical features with tabular data in order to map, analyze, and assess real-world problems. 

GIS in Civil Engineering is used for creating, managing, analyzing, and visualizing the data associated with developing and managing infrastructure. It gives engineers, construction contractors, surveyors, and analysts a single data source from which to work. GIS has the potential to solve spatial engineering challenges involving: site selection, hydrology and environmental studies, urban planning, and integration of multiple sources of information. The implementation of GIS processes provides a number of economic and strategic advantages including:
 
Cost Savings through Greater Efficiency
GIS is commonly used to enhance maintenance scheduling and planning.

Managing Geographically
GIS will provide organizations with the ability to understand what is happening in a specific geographic location and what has the potential of happening within that area. Understanding this will then help clients develop plans that address what they will do about it.

Improved Communication
The use of GIS systems can aid clients in providing a wealth of information to constituents in a format that is easily understood.

Accuracy in Record Keeping
GIS provides a robust structure that easily allows entities to manage public records with full support and reporting tools.
 
More Effective Decision Making
GIS aids municipal leadership in making accurate and timely decisions regarding development locations, emergency planning, route/corridor determinations, etc.